Individual Risk Management Report, Streakers Hair And Beauty Salon

Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon has just been sold to a new owner. The owner plans to appoint one of the current staff as manager, but he also wants to make sure that Streakers is a safe place to work. He is not a hairdresser himself and is uncertain about the safety of all the different types of equipment, so he decides to undertake a risk assessment. You have been asked to prepare a report on the following matters.

Identify the main plant, chemical and biological hazards likely to be found at Streakers.
Assuming no controls are in place at Streakers, assess the risk in relation to: the two highest-risk plant hazards; the two highest-risk chemical hazards; coronavirus; and the highest-risk biological hazard other than coronavirus.
Assess the risks in relation to the six hazards. Justify your answer.
Decide on appropriate control measures to reduce the risk of each of the hazards. Use the hierarchy of controls when selecting your controls.
When you have decided on the controls, reassess the risk and decide whether the new risk rating is acceptable.
Check whether the risk ratings conform to the ALARP principle. Is it cost-effective to introduce these controls? Is the risk too great not to implement them? Include recommendations in your report.
Include a table which indicates your assessment of the likelihood (A-E in Table 6.3 of Archer et al. 2018), consequences (1-5 in Table 6.2 in Archer et al. 2018) and total risk rating (low, medium, high, very high in Table 6.4 in Archer et al. 2018) for each hazard, with and without your recommended controls. That is, you need to determine the likelihood, consequences and total risk rating for each hazard when no controls are used, and then reassess when the controls are implemented to see if the risk would be reduced. Include your recommended controls in the table.
Develop a brief plant-purchasing policy for future plant purchases. In writing the policy, refer to the pre- and post-purchasing tips on page 135 of Archer et al. (2018). The policy must be written in your own words, not simply cut-and-pasted from Archer et al.
When identifying, assessing and recommending controls for chemical hazards, you must use relevant safety data sheets for each chemical hazard. When identifying, assessing and recommending controls for all hazards, you must use relevant guides, standards or codes of practice for the hairdressing and beauty industry, where possible. Use Singapore materials where possible; otherwise you must use materials from another jurisdiction or jurisdictions. There are relevant materials available online on the hairdressing industry from safety authorities in Europe, UK and several Australian states.

Ensure all ideas and material in the report derived from sources are appropriately referenced. The safety data sheets must be referenced in-text and listed in your list of references in the usual way. Also include URL links to the safety data sheets in your list of references. Do not include PDFs or other images of the safety data sheets in your assignment or as appendices.

This assignment must be submitted in Word document format. An RMIT cover sheet is no longer required for assignments submitted to Canvas. However, a title page with the title of the report, course name, student name and number, tutor’s name, and tutorial day and time is required. An executive summary is not required for a report of this length.

Essential sources:

Safety data sheets.
WSH Council (Singapore) 2015, ‘Code of practice on workplace safety and health (WSH) risk management’, Second Revision, WSH Council and Ministry of Manpower, Singapore.
Archer et al. 2018, WHS: A Management Guide, 5th edn, Cengage Learning, Australia. Chapter 6, ‘Identifying hazards and managing risk’ and Chapter 7, ‘Managing hazards associated with plant’.
Guidance material on safety in the hairdressing and beauty industry from the health and safety regulator in one or more jurisdictions.

BUSM4306 WHSW. Semester 2, 2020.

Assignment 2. Individual risk management report, Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon

MARKING CRITERIA

CRITERIA

HIGH DISTINCTION

DISTINCTION

CREDIT

PASS

FAIL

RESEARCH AND USE OF SOURCES

Excellent, effective use of all required sources

Good use of all required sources

All required sources used

Most required sources used

Insufficient research undertaken. Some major required sources have not been consulted or utilized effectively

IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS, ASSESSMENT OF RISKS, RECOMMENATIONS FOR CONTROLS

Comprehensive and sophisticated identification and assessment of hazards and recommendations for control, with justification

Thorough identification and assessment of hazards and recommended controls

Good identification and assessment of hazards and recommended controls

Adequate identification and assessment of hazards and recommended controls

Not all hazards identified; inadequate assessment of hazards; inadequate or inappropriate controls recommended; inadequate justification

RISK ASSESSMENT TABLE

Risk assessment table clearly sets out all required information on hazards, assessment and controls

Very good risk assessment table; few omissions or errors

Good risk assessment table; some omissions or errors

Adequate risk assessment table; significant omissions or errors

Risk assessment table absent or major omissions or errors in table

PLANT PURCHASING POLICY

Comprehensive and logical plant purchasing policy

Very good plant purchasing policy

Good plant purchasing policy

Satisfactory plant purchasing policy

Plant purchasing policy absent or inadequate

WRITTEN EXPRESSION

Well-constructed and crafted piece of work; a pleasure to read

Clear and fluent writing

Some evidence of fluency in writing; no obvious errors in grammar or syntax

Basic understanding of rules of grammar and syntax; sentence and paragraph structure; no spelling errors

Gross spelling, grammatical errors; poor syntax

PRESENTATION, REFERENENCING, BUSINESS REPORT FORMAT

Immaculate presentation and referencing; complies with all course requirements and business report format in College of Business Guidelines document

Very good presentation but a few problems with format or referencing.

Generally well-presented

Average presentation, but significant issues with format or referencing or other presentation requirements

Poorly presented; does not conform to course requirements, College of Business Guidelines for Referencing and Presentation in Reports and Essays

11

1

Work, Health, Safety and Wellbeing

Assignment 2

Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon

Name: Brennan Lim

RMIT ID: 3772210

SIM ID: 10195641

Lecturer: Philip Tay

Table of Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Plant hazard 3 2.1 Safety Requirements 4 3. Chemical hazard 4 3.1 Safety Requirements 5 4. Risk Assessment 5 4.1 Plant risk assessment 5 4.2 Chemical risk assessment 6 5. Control measures 6 5.1 Hierarchy of Controls 6 5.2 Plant hazard recommendations 7 5.3 Chemical hazard recommendation 7 6. Plant Purchasing Policy 7 7. Conclusion 8 8. Appendix 9 8.1 Appendix 1 9 8.2 Appendix 2 18 9. References 19

1. Introduction
Risks and hazards exist all the time regardless of work sites/places, the main differences are the consequences and severity of the risks and hazards. Therefore, under the Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Act, it is a requirement for all employers to adhere and ensure that there is a safe working environment for their employees (Workplace Safety and Health Council, 2015). Apart from that, stakeholders are also responsible for taking appropriate measures to ensure their own safety and health (Ministry of Manpower, n.d). Employers must also conduct risk assessments according to the WSH Risk Management Regulation to identify potential safety hazards at the workplace and do their best to minimise or eliminate the risks completely (Ministry of Manpower, n.d).

In this assignment, we’ll be looking specifically at Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon and the plant and chemical hazards that exist within their workplace. The hazards will be looked into with depth along with risk assessments and possible control measures that can be put in placed to mitigate the risks in this report below.

2. Plant hazard
Plant hazards refer to the danger posed by stuff like machinery, equipment, tools and appliances that helps carry out work in the workplace (NSW Government, 2019). This plant hazards will pose danger and can possibly cause injuries to the employees if appropriate safety precautions are not put in place to mitigate the risks.

In Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon the plant hazards would include things like the scissors that the hair stylists use, the chair on which patrons sit on, the machinery used to carry out different services, the appliances like hair dryers and even the electrical cables of the machinery and appliances.

The first plant hazard identified would be the tools used by the hair stylists in the salon. If proper training and care is not put into place when handling the tools like the scissors, hair straighteners, shavers and hair curlers (Sam Villa, n.d) that are used to provide services to the customers, injuries like cuts and burns could occur to either customers or the employees.

Another plant hazard that exists in the salon would be the stand-alone machineries that are used in the salon like the stand-alone unit hair steamer. If mishandled, these machineries could potentially fall over on to people and cause serious injuries to both employees and customers.

Lastly, the last plant hazard identified would be the electrical cables from all the machinery and tools used by the employees in the shop such as the shavers, hair dryers and stand-alone unit hair steamers. As these equipment need a power source, this means that the cabling from the equipment would be lying across the floor which would pose as a potential trip hazard to everyone who is in the shop.

2.1 Safety Requirements
According to WSH (General Provisions) regulations, it is a requirement that workers are sufficiently trained so that they can properly handle the equipment with care to mitigate the risks involved otherwise, supervision by someone with adequate knowledge and competence is needed. Warning labels should also be placed on electrical equipment in different languages to show case the dangers to everyone who is in the hair salon (Workplace Safety and Health Council, 2007).

3. Chemical hazard
Chemical hazards refer to danger posed by stuff like substances, mixtures and chemicals used at the workplace which can cause health hazards like skin irritation, respiratory damage, headache or even nausea through either direct contact or prolonged exposure (Comcare AU, n.d).

In Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon, the identifiable chemical hazards would include things like the hair dyes, shampoos and hair serums or chemicals that are used daily for operational purposes within the salon.

The first chemical hazard identified is P-phenylenediamine which is commonly found in hair dyes (Womens Voices, n.d)exposure to this substance can cause skin irritation and prolonged exposure to it can cause dermatitis. Dermatitis is a condition that causes skin to form rash, become swollen and in worst cases cause the skin to blister (Mayo Clinic, n.d).

Another chemical hazard is Styrene which is used as hair extension glue, exposure to it will cause vision problems, trouble concentrating and prolonged exposure comes with the potential long term effect of cancer (Womens Voices, n.d).

The last chemical hazard that can be found is Ammonium Persulfate which is commonly found in hair bleach. Exposure to this substance can cause eye, skin and nose irritation, coughing and even shortness of breath. Unhealthy prolonged exposure to the substance can cause asthma and dermatitis as well (Womens Voices, n.d).

3.1 Safety Requirements
The Globally Harmonised System (GHS) of classification and labelling of chemicals states that it is a requirement for manufacturers and suppliers to display a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) on chemical products (National GHS Task Force, 2015). The labels serve as a warning and helps people to identify the potentially hazardous chemical products so that they will be handled with care.

The labels should have as much details as possible so that users can be well informed of the hazardous risks involved in using the product. The sample of SDS can be found in Appendix 1, the SDS includes details like proper usage and handling of the products, how to dispose of the products properly, the chemical composition and ingredients within the products.

4. Risk Assessment

Figure 1: Risk Assessment Matrix

The risk assessment matrix will help determine whether the plant and chemical hazards will cause a significant effect on the safety and health of the stakeholders.

4.1 Plant risk assessment
The plant hazard that has the highest risk in a hair salon would be the electrical cables that lie around on the ground when the employees are using the relevant equipment and tools like the hair dryer, stand-alone unit hair steamer and shavers. This hazard would carry the severity rating of “Major”, 4 with the likelihood rating of “Almost Certain”, 5 as the employees in the salon constantly use the equipment and tools on a daily basis and the chances of the accident occurring is higher due to the fact that it can be caused not only by the employees but also the customers that visit the shop. Therefore, this hazard carries an overall rating of 20.

The plant hazard of employees using their own tools like scissors, shavers, hair curler and straightener carries a severity risk of “Major”, 4 and a likelihood rating of “Occasional”, 3 as this accident will occur only if the employees are not sufficiently trained in the usage of the tools. Therefore, this hazard carries an overall rating of 12.

4.2 Chemical risk assessment
The chemical hazards that mentioned above, P-phenylenediamine, Styrene and Ammonium Persulfate carry a severity rating of “Major”, 4, “Catastrophic”, 5 and “Major”, 4 respectively due to a difference in consequences of prolonged exposure.

However, the likelihood of Styrene occurring and causing issues to the employees compared to P-phenylenediamine and Ammonium Persulfate is lower as the number of customers going for hair extensions is lesser compared to customers who do to salons to dye or bleach their hair. Therefore, the likelihood for the occurrence of Styrene is “Occasional”, 3 and “Frequent”, 4 for P-phenylenediamine and Ammonium Persulfate. Therefore, the overall rating for P-phenylenediamine and Ammonium Persulfate is 16 and 15 for Styrene. A more detailed look into the risk assessment can be found in Appendix 2.

5. Control measures
5.1 Hierarchy of Controls
The hierarchy of controls is an approach that can be put in place to help manage and reduce hazards within the workplace.

Hierarchy of Controls rated from Most effective to Least effective: Elimination – Physically remove the hazard, Substitution – Replace the hazard, Engineering Controls – Isolate people from the hazard, Administrative Controls – Change the way people work, PPE – Protect the worker with Personal Protective Equipment. Source – NIOSH

Figure 2: Hierachy of Control (US Dept of Labour, n.d)

The best outcome from conducting risk management will be the complete removal of the risks, however that is rarely the case due to a variety of reasons. Therefore, the hierarchy of control model is in created to choose the next best solution after elimination (Archer, 2017).

The next option after elimination is Substitution which includes substituting a process or product with something less hazardous to mitigate the risks.

If substitution isn’t possible, the next option is Engineering Controls. This process targets making physical changes to the work environment or work processes.

The next solution in line after engineering controls is Administrative Controls. This solution includes reduction of the risk through adhering to procedures and instructions which need to document all the steps and controls that are to be taken into consideration for a safer work environment.

The last resort in line for the hierarchy of controls is Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) which states that employees always have to put on appropriate protective equipment to reduce the severity of the hazards (Workplace Safety and Health Council, n.d).

5.2 Plant hazard recommendations
The plant hazard with the highest risk mentioned above is the risk of loose electrical cabling lying around which causes a hazard to both employees and customers of the salon. Therefore, elimination and substitution are impossible which means the next resort in line is engineering controls. It would be recommended for Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon to fix cable trays in place to prevent loose electrical cables lying around which causes a trip hazard to all stakeholders of the salon. With the recommendation in place, the severity of the hazard would remain the same, “Major”, 4 but the likelihood of the hazard would be reduced to “Remote”, 2 meaning the overall rating would drop to an 8.

5.3 Chemical hazard recommendation
The chemical hazards are impossible to eliminate as well therefore, the recommendation for the salon is to install additional better air ventilation systems within the salon. This allows for the air within the salon to be circulated more efficiently and reduce the risk for the occurrence of the possible injuries that come along with using of the products. This will not reduce the severity of the chemical hazards, but it will reduce the likelihood of the hazards occurring.

The new overall rating can be found in appendix 2 below.

6. Plant Purchasing Policy
Based on the above-mentioned recommendations, it would be practical for Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon to install new ventilation systems within the shop itself. A cheap and basic ventilation system can be purchased and installed at a price $89.95. Thorough vetting of the ventilation system has to be done to ensure that the system is energy efficient and will not create additional hazards to the stakeholders like noise hazard.

It is also practical for Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon to install cable trays to ensure that there are no loose cables lying around which can pose a tripping hazards to both employees and customers of the salon therefore reducing a hazard that currently exists within the salon.

The new plant purchases will not need additional training for the employees as the do not directly impact the work processes of the employees and they can be easily implemented for Streakers Hair and Beauty Salon.

7. Conclusion
It is impossible for Streakers to completely eliminate all the hazards that exist within the salon. However, the recommendations mentioned above will help to reduce and mitigate the likelihood some of the risks and hazards that exist within the salon. Therefore, to comply with the WHS Act of ensuring a safe working environment for their employees it is the responsibility of Streakers to do as much as they can to reduce and mitigate the risks.

Word count: 1872 words

8. Appendix
8.1 Appendix 1

8.2 Appendix 2

References Archer, R., 2017. WHS: A Management Guide. 5th ed. New York: Cengage Learning. Comcare AU, n.d. Australian Government Comcare. [Online] Available at: https://www.comcare.gov.au/prevent-harm/hazards/chemical_hazards [Accessed 13 March 2020]. Mayo Clinic, n.d. Mayo Clinic. [Online] Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dermatitis-eczema/symptoms-causes/syc-20352380 [Accessed 13 March 2020]. Me & My Coco Fushion Treatment, 2014. Material Safety Data Sheet, s.l.: s.n. Ministry of Manpower, n.d. Ministry of Manpower. [Online] Available at: https://www.mom.gov.sg/workplace-safety-and-health/safety-and-health-management-systems/risk-management [Accessed 13 March 2020]. Ministry of Manpower, n.d. Ministry of Manpower. [Online] Available at: https://www.mom.gov.sg/workplace-safety-and-health/workplace-safety-and-health-act/responsibilities-of-stakeholders [Accessed 13 March 2020]. National GHS Task Force, 2015. Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) Singapore, Singapore: Workplace Safety and Health Council Singapore. NSW Government, 2019. Managing the risks of plant in the workplace. Code of Practice, p. 66. Sam Villa, n.d. Sam Villa. [Online] Available at: https://www.samvilla.com/blog/must-have-hairdressing-tools-equipment-list [Accessed 13 March 2020]. US Dept of Labour, n.d. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). [Online] Available at: https://www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/hazard-prevention.html [Accessed 13 March 2020]. Womens Voices, n.d. Women’s Voices for the Earth. [Online] Available at: https://www.womensvoices.org/avoid-toxic-chemicals/salon-products/toxic-chemicals-in-salon-products-workers/ [Accessed 13 March 2020]. Workplace Safety and Health Council, 2007. Singapore Statues Online. [Online] Available at: https://sso.agc.gov.sg/SL/WSHA2006-RG1#legis [Accessed 13 March 2020]. Workplace Safety and Health Council, 2015. Workplace Safety and Health Council Singapore. [Online] Available at: https://wshc.sg/files/wshc/upload/cms/file/CodeOfPractice_RiskManagement_SecondRevision.pdf [Accessed 13 March 2020]. Workplace Safety and Health Council, n.d. Workplace Safety and Health Council. [Online] Available at: https://www.wshc.sg/files/wshc/upload/cms/file/2014/Hierachy%20of%20Controls.pdf [Accessed 13 March 2020].

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