Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 30, E major, Op. 109.
Read about this beautiful piano composition on page 910. Then, give this a listen:
Beethoven: Sonata No. 30, E Major, Op. 109, 1st Movement.
Beethoven: Ninth Symphony, Ode to Joy.
On pages 910–911, there is a fine discussion of Beethoven’s crowning work, his Ninth Symphony, first performed
died in 1827.) Note his innovation of combining a vocal chorus as part of this symphonic work.
In the video below, Leonard Bernstein introduces Beethoven and this particular work. If you wish to get right to the
(click and drag) to the 3:37 mark. Bernstein is conducting the Vienna Philharmonic. Give this a listen:
Beethoven: Symphony No. 9, in D Minor, Ode to Joy. (Start music at 3:37 mark.)
An English translation of the lyrics.
Hector Berlioz: Symphony Fantastique.
This is discussed on pages 911–912. This grand work is often presented as the great example of the Romantic st
1800s, a style that is emotional and given to drama. It was composed in 1830. Berlioz did this in a grandiose man
about “program music” and the idée fixe (“fixed idea”) as they relate to this work. You realize that a dramatic story
a change of mood. Listen to the following clips:
Berlioz: Symphony Fantastique, 1st Movement.
Berlioz: Symphony Fantastique, 4th Movement (March to the Scaffold; artist hallucinates).
Berlioz: Symphony Fantastique, 5th Movement (Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath).
Felix Mendelssohn: Concerto in E Minor for Violin.
This work was composed in 1844. Read page 912 carefully and note the skill required on the part of a violinist to
Chang demonstrates this skill in this video:
Mendelssohn: Concerto in E Minor for Violin (start at 1:00).
Robert Schumann: Widmung (Dedication).
This is an example of a lied (plural lieder) of the Romantic style in the mid-1800s, which was normally a song for a
piano. Read pages 912–913 carefully. Schumann composed the music for this in 1840 to celebrate his wedding. H
Schumann, not only inspired some great compositions, she became a well-known piano virtuoso. One of the links
German lyric and translation. Watch and listen to the great Jessye Norman sing this in German:
Widmung (Dedication), sung by Jessye Norman
An English translation of the lyrics.
Frederic Chopin: Fantasie Impromptu.
Chopin (pronounce SHOH-pan) composed this Romantic style work for the piano. Read page 913 carefully about
exemplifies Romantic style musicianship. Note the tempo changes. Then, give this a listen:
WEEK 4 DISCUSSION 1
Beethoven; Art and Protest in the 1800s
Click the link above to get started with the weekly discussion. If you need help with completing discussions, pleas
ESSAY 75 POINTS
Choose one of the three reading selections from the list of topic choices below. The focus is on a brief but importa
material written by important authors. In each case, the subject relates to the problems of certain people who are
impoverished. In each topic, a different genre or approach is adopted to help readers see and perhaps address th
selections as identified with each topic below. Write a 4–5 paragraph essay (350 words minimum) that analyzes th
list of things your paper should cover, given just after the topics.
Reading selection of Jane Austen’s novel Pride and Prejudice. Her works are very popular today, with Austen rea
types of new books and events based on her ideas. In 2017, England printed new £10 bank notes bearing Austen
should be read in full.
Reading selection from Samuel Johnson, No. 91. Sufficiency of the English Language, an essay first published in
Johnson was the editor of two coffeehouse magazines, The Rambler (1750–52) and The Idler (1758–60), and wa
Dictionary of the English Language. He was also the subject of one of the first biographies, by James Boswell. In
overcame numerous illnesses and handicaps.
Reading selection of Olympe de Gouges’s Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (written in
should be read in full, with background provided on page 874 of our class text. You should also look at the revolut
1789 that she is “correcting,” called Declaration of the Rights of Man. Olympe de Gouges has the status of wome
concern. The general context is the French Revolution and the attempts to redefine rights and status once one re
For the reading selection and topic you choose, your paper should cover the following:
Introduce the writer and the situation that the reading is about.
Using specific examples or lines from the reading, summarize the author’s key ideas and views.
Examine the writing style and discuss the intended audience.
How did you like this? How do the ideas relate to situations today?
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