## Accounting Equation questions

Accounting Equation questions

Cassandra can maximize her deduction by using the standard mileage deduction. Via this method, she can deduct \$ for her van. Her other allocable expenses amount to \$.

Calculate the value of ZL in the circuit of figure below in order for ZL to receive maximum average power. What is the maximum average power received by ZL?

P1-3B On June 1, Alexia Rios started Crazy Creations Co., a company that provides craft opportunities, by investing \$12,000 cash in the business. Following are the assets and liabilities of the company at June 30 and the revenues and expenses for the month of June. Cash \$10,150 Notes Payable \$9,000 Accounts Receivable 3,000 Accounts Payable 1,200 Service Revenue 6,700 Supplies Expense 1,600 Supplies 2,000 Gasoline Expense 200 Advertising Expense 500 Utilities Expense 150 Equipment 10,000 Alexia made no additional investment in June but withdrew \$1,300 in cash for personal use during the month. Instructions

1. (a) Prepare an income statement and owner’s equity statement for the month of June and a balance sheet at June 30, 2012.

2. (b) Prepare an income statement and owner’s equity statement for June assuming the following data are not included above: (1) \$900 of revenue was earned and billed but not collected at June 30, and (2) \$150 of gasoline expense was incurred but not paid. 3. P1-4B Carla Quentin started her own consulting firm, Quentin Consulting, on May 1, 2012.The following transactions occurred during the month of May. May 1 Carla invested \$7,000 cash in the business. 2 Paid \$900 for office rent for the month. 3 Purchased \$600 of supplies on account. 5 Paid \$125 to advertise in the County News. 9 Received \$4,000 cash for services provided. 12 Withdrew \$1,000 cash for personal use. 15 Performed \$5,400 of services on account. 17 Paid \$2,500 for employee salaries. 20 Paid for the supplies purchased on account on May 3. 23 Received a cash payment of \$4,000 for services provided on account on May 15. 26 Borrowed \$5,000 from the bank on a note payable. 29 Purchased office equipment for \$4,200 on account. 30 Paid \$275 for utilities.

INSTRUCTIONS

(a) Show the effects of the previous transactions on the accounting equation using the following format. Asset = Liability + Owners’ equity Notes Accounts Owner’s Owner’ Date Cash + Receivable + Supplies + Equipment = Payable + Payable + Capital – Drawings + Revenues – Expenses

(b) Prepare an income statement for the month of May. (c) Prepare a balance sheet at May 31, 2012.

You are the new CFO of Risk Surfing Ltd, which has current assets of \$7,920, net fixed assets of \$17,700, current liabilities of \$4,580 and long-term debts of \$5,890.

Required:

a. What are the three important questions of corporate finance you will need to address? Please briefly explain them and indicate how they are related to the areas in the balance sheet of a company. (1 mark)

b. Calculate owners’ equity and build a balance sheet for the company? (3 marks)

c. How much is net working capital of the company? (1 mark)

d. Calculate the return on assets of the company given that Return on Equity is 30%? (1 mark)

e. What is the PE of the company total number of ordinary share outstanding of the companies is 2,000 and market price of each share is \$12? (1 mark)

Question 2 (11 marks)

You are a young personal financial adviser. Molly, one of your clients approached you for consultation about her plan to save aside \$450,000 for her child’s higher education in United States 15 years from now. Molly has a saving of \$120,000 and is considering different alternative options:

Investment 1: Investing that \$120,000 in a saving account for 15 years. There are two banks for her choice. Bank A pays a rate of return of 8.5% annually, compounding semi-annually. Bank B pays a rate of return of 8.45 annually, compounding quarterly.

Investment 2: Putting exactly an equal amount of money into ANZ Investment Fund at the end of each month for 15 years to get 330 000 she still shorts of now. The fund is offering a rate of return 7% per year, compounding monthly.

Required:

a) Identify which Bank should Molly choose in Investment 1 by computing the effective annual interest rate (EAR)? (2 marks)

b) Calculate the amount of money Molly would accumulate in Investment 1 after 15 years if she chooses Bank B? (2 marks)

c) How much is the annual interest rate, assuming compounding annually Molly should aim at if she chooses to invest her \$120 000 in a saving account to get the \$450,000 ready in just 10 years from now? (2 marks)

d) Calculate the monthly payment Molly needs to contribute into ANZ Investment Fund to get \$330,000 after 15 years in Investment 2? (2 marks)

e) In investment 2, if Molly changes to contribute \$1200/month to that super fund at the beginning of each month, how much money she would have in ANZ Investment fund after 15 years? (2 marks)

f) Molly is offered an investment that will pay \$12 000 each year forever. How much should she pay for this investment if the rate of return 12% applies? (1 mark)

Question 3 (7 marks)

You are an active investor in the securities market and you have established an investment portfolio of two stock A and B five years ago.

Required:

a) If your portfolio has provided you with returns of 9.7%, -6.2%, 12.1%, 11.5% and 13.3% over the past five years, respectively. Calculate the geometric average return of the portfolio for this period? (1 mark)?

b) Assume that expected return of the stock A in your portfolio is 14.6%. The risk premium on the stocks of the same industry are 5.8%, the risk-free rate of return is 5.9% and the inflation rate was 2.7. Calculate beta of this stock using Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) (1 mark)?

c) Assume that you bought 200 stock B in your portfolio for total investment of \$1200, now the market price of the stock is \$75, the dividend paid for this stock is \$2 each year. How much is the capital gain of this stock (1 mark)?

d) Assume that the following data available for the portfolio, calculate the expected return, variance and standard deviation of the portfolio given stock A accounts for 45% and stock B accounts for 55% of your portfolio? (4 marks)

Question 4 (11 marks)

Blooming Ltd. currently has the following capital structure:

Debt: \$2,500,000 par value of outstanding bond that pays annually 12% coupon rate with an annual before-tax yield to maturity of 10%. The bond issue has face value of \$1,000 and will mature in 25 years.

Ordinary shares: 65,000 outstanding ordinary shares. The firm plans to pay a \$7.50 dividend per share in the next financial year. The firm is maintaining 3% annual growth rate in dividend, which is expected to continue indefinitely.

Preferred shares: 40 000 outstanding preferred shares with face value of \$100, paying fixed dividend rate of 14%.

Company tax rate is 30%.

a) Calculate the current price of the corporate bond? (2 marks)

b) Calculate the current price of the ordinary share if the average return of the shares in the same industry is 9%? (2 marks)

c) Calculate the current value of the preferred share if the average return of the shares in the same industry is 12% (2 marks)

d) Calculate the current market value (rounded off to the nearest whole number) and capital structure of the firm (rounded off to two decimal places). Identify the total weights of equity funding (2 marks)

e) Compute the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) under the traditional tax system for the firm, using dividend constant growth model for calculation the cost of ordinary equity (3 marks)

Question 5 (7 marks)

Bunnings Ltd is considering to invest in one of the two following projects to buy a new equipment. Each equipment will last 5 years and have no salvage value at the end. The company’s required rate of return for all investment projects is 8%. The cash flows of the projects are provided below.

Required:

a) Identify which option of equipment should the company accept based on

Profitability Index? (4 marks)

b) Identify which option of equipment should the company accept based on discounted pay back method if the payback criterion is maximum 2 years? (3 marks)

Question 6 (7 marks)

Net profit of Lily Fashion House Ltd in the current year is \$2,575, 000. The company is planning to launch a project that will requires an investment of \$745 000 next year. Today the company’s stock has market value of \$22/share. Lily Fashion House has the current capital structure of 60% in equity and 40% in debt. Required:

a. The company is paying a cash dividend of \$4.50/share plus an extra-cash dividend of \$1.5/share. Tomorrow the stock will go ex-dividend. Explain why there is ex-dividend date and ex-dividend price? Calculate the ex-dividend price tomorrow morning. Assuming the tax on dividend is 25%? (2 marks)

b. How much dividend Lily Fashion House can pay its shareholders this year and what is dividend pay-out ratio of the company. Assume the Residual Dividend Pay-out Policy applies? (2 marks)

c. Floral Textile Ltd. is a daughter company of the Lily Fashion House Group and currently under a liquidation plan due to severe business contraction caused by the COVID 19 pandemic. The company plans to pay total dividend of \$3.5 million now and \$ 8.5 million one year from now as a liquidating dividend. The required rate of return for shareholders is 13.5%. Calculate the current value of the firm’s equity in total and per share if the firm has 2.5 million shares outstanding? (3 marks)

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