Discussion response to this post:
The World Bank has defined extreme poverty as people living on less than $1.9 (World Bank & IMF, 2016). In global context, 40% of sub-Saharan Africans people lie under extreme poverty. As a whole 689 million people live under extreme poverty (World Bank, 2015). Extreme poverty rates nearly doubled in North Africa and Middle East due to Syrian and Yemen crisis (World Bank, 2020).
Poverty occurs due to many reason e.g. job loss, serious health problem. It can be due to low education, less skilled training and less social support. Poverty can also increase due to wars, pandemics (COVID) or government policies (Homelesshub, 2014). The composite scoring system developed by Amirta Sen and Mehboob ul haq, the noble laureate, to measure poverty is based on health, education, gender equality and political freedom (UNDP, 2015). By 2030, as part of the United Nations sustainable development goals, global leaders aim to eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere (UNDP, 2015).
Good governance is crucial to address poverty reduction. Economic growth, aid efficiency and linking governance with human development will contribute significantly to poverty reduction (Transparency International, 2014). It is not necessary to travel outside Canada to see the results of poverty and poor. Access to housing and health care for the aboriginals is evident in Canada too (Seear & Ezezika 2017 pg. 541). They further discussed that, the social determinants of health are interrelated. For example poverty is related to ill health and ill health leads to unemployment that leads poverty
We as a nurse can play a major role in alleviating poverty and can help United Nations to alleviate extreme poverty till 2030. Nurses can reduce inequity among the indigenous and vulnerable population(Seear & Ezezika 2017 pg.541). We can promote healthy health practice by educating the community. We can arrange screening camps for the poor to detect undiagnosed diabetes and hypertension. We can indicate the resources to the vulnerable and poor. Lastly nurses can work as researcher and device new protocols and recommendation to the government to form better health policies for the poor (RNAO 2013).