Introduction (1.5-2 pages): The introduction of a literature review should begin with the identification of the broad problem are under review. But, avoid global statements.
- Establish importance of the topic (why the topic being reviewed is important)
- State the purpose of the current paper
- Address significance of the current paper
- Describe organization of the current paper
Literature Review (5-6 pages): The Writing Process
- Convince your readers.
- Attempt to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the topic.
- Try to demonstrate that you have a thorough command of the field you are studying.
* The literature review will provide the basic rationale for your research. You should include at least 12 scholarly articles. In addition, feel free to cite more sources from books, newspapers, magazines, and websites.
Aim for a clear and cohesive essay; avoid annotations. An effective review of literature is organized to make a point. The writer needs to describe how the individual studies relate to one another. What are the relative strengths and weaknesses? Where are he gaps, and why do they exist?
Use transitions to help trace your argument: Strategic transitional phrases can help readers follow your argument. For instance, you can use transitions to provide readers with textual clues that mark the progression of a discussion, such as when you begin paragraphs with “First,” “Second,” and “Third” to mark the development of three related points. Transitional expressions and other kinds of rhetorical markers also help to identify relationships among sections, as in “the next example,” “in a related study,” “a counter-example,” and “the most recent (or relevant) study.”
Avoid overusing direct quotations, especially long ones. Paraphrase the main idea of an author is usually more efficient and eliminates the potential for disruptions in the flow of a review.
RQs or Hs: Write a conclusion for the end of the review. A review in a journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions/hypotheses that will be addressed or tested.
Method (2-3 pages):
Start by specifying the specific research method you will use. Why will it be appropriate for your research.
Identify the research participants: Whom will you study in order to collect data? Identify the subjects in general, total number, important characteristics (Describe who they will be, where they will be employed and other pertinent demographic/psychographic/behavioral information).
Sampling methods: how they will be selected.
Research Procedures: The specific procedures used to conduct your research (What will be done with the research participants). How you will insure confidentiality & anonymity, how you plan to obtain their informed consent, and whether they would obtain some type of reward. In general, how do you administer your survey research?
Measurement: What are the major variables in your study? How will you define and measure them? You may develop your own questionnaire for your research. Or, you will be using something previously developed by others. If you are planning to employ measurement form previous research on the same topic, please address how you modify the previous measurement.
Data Analysis: An explanation of the ways in which the data were analyzed. How will you analyze your quantitate data, MS Excel, SPSS, or SAS?
Schedule: Address a timeline for accomplishing the several stages of research and keeping track of how you are doing.
Budget: You need to provide a budget. Please spend some time anticipating expenses. A lot of research include budgetary categories such as personnel (research assistant, translator, data analyst, etc.), computers, office supplies, telephone, photocopying, transportation, etc.
Discussion (1-2 pages):
Restate the purpose of the current paper, the importance of research. Also, note possible problems and limitation of the study. Discuss what you will do differently if you could do this again. Specific recommendations based on what you learned from your research proposal. Future research: findings are used to suggest new topics worth studying. Specific recommendations based on what you learned from your research