VIII TOPIC OUTLINE1. Human Nature and SocialityA. Philosophical precursors:(1) Thomas Hobbes (1651): The best social contract requires an authoritarian leader(2) John Locke (1689: The best social contract requires full democracy(3) George W.F. Hegel (1807): The best social contract requires wise rulersB. The individual and the community(1) George H. Mead 1892): We self-actualize as both I … Continue reading “Human Nature and Sociality | My Assignment Tutor”
VIII TOPIC OUTLINE1. Human Nature and SocialityA. Philosophical precursors:(1) Thomas Hobbes (1651): The best social contract requires an authoritarian leader(2) John Locke (1689: The best social contract requires full democracy(3) George W.F. Hegel (1807): The best social contract requires wise rulersB. The individual and the community(1) George H. Mead 1892): We self-actualize as both I and me.(2) Charles Cooley (1902): Significant other peers best reflect our Looking Glass Selves(3) John Bowlby/Mary Ainsworth(1969): Affect RegulaJon enhances empathyC. The community and the individual(1) Karl Marx (1848): AlienaJon enables inequality(2) Emile Durkheim (1893): Anomie infects people lacking proper solidarity(3) Herbert Spencer (1876): Capitalism creates competent elites.(4) William Sumner (1907): Secondary relaJons dominate in modern society.(5) David Riesman (1950): The modern U.S. ciJzen’s freedom is flawed.D. Social differenZaZon in modern society(1) Franz Boaz (1911): Cultural RelaZvism defines societal competence realisZcally(2) Ruth Benedict (1934): Modern industrial society was not more civilized.(3) Jared Diamond (1997): Europeans’ culture was not the source of their dominaZon.(4) Gunnar Myrdal (1944): African-American’s assimilaZon skill was not deficient.(5) William Julius Wilson (1978): Black family instability is not a cultural outcome.(6) Rodolfo Acuna (1972): Illegal Mexican migraZons to the U.S. was not a cultural choice.(7) W.E.B. Dubois (1896): Black oppression arguably strengthens eliZsm.(8) David Roediger (1999): White supremacy arguably damages white people.(9) Beby Friedan (1962): Women need to define themselves.(10) Angela Davis (1981): Feminism means more than women’s rights.2. Social structure and stability in modern societyA. Altruism and authoritarianism(1) Kurt Lewin (1935): Fundamental aOribuJon error undermines organic connecJons.(2) Gordon Allport (1954): Racial Prejudice has psychological and economic payoffs.(3) Leon FesZnger1957): CogniJve dissonance is painful and must be resolved.(4) Peter Berger (1966): The social construcZon of reality is ocen irraZonalB. AlienaZon and empathy(1) Erich Fromm (1941): Many people don’t want democracy.(2) Herbert Marcuse (1964): One-Dimensional wo/man can awaken.(3) Jurgen Habermas (1971): People can choose to be “real”(4) Malcolm Gladwell (2000): FuncZonal Tipping Points can happen.3. Maximizing funcZonalismA. PosiZvism and raZonality(1) August Comte (1838): PosiZvism enhances funcZonalism.(2) Vilfredo Pareto (1916): The circulaJon of elites is inevitable.(3) Max Weber (1904): Bureaucracy resists change.(4) C.W. Mills (1956): The Power Elite is not more competent(5) C. W. Mills (1956): The white collar class is not a change agent(6) Thomas Pikeby (2013): Current economic trends predict disaster.B. Sociological ImaginaZon(1) Georg Simmel (1893-1910): InteracJonism produces beOer sociological theory(2) C. Wright Mills (1956): The Sociological ImaginaJon actualizes sociology.(3) Erving Goffman (1959): Symbolic interacJon reveals what words do not.(4) Pierre Bourdieu (1987): Popular culture deserves more focus.C. Formal OrganizaZon(1) Elton Mayo (1933): What the WesJnghouse Study taught industry.(2) Kurt Lewin (1935): How intra-group dynamics affect producZvity.(3) Peter Blau (1964): What Exchange theory predictsD. Social change(1) Hannah Arendt (1951): Totalitarianism can be avoided.(2) Noam Chomsky (1988): “Spreading democracy” can become real .(3) Emmanuel Wallerstein (1974): A true global community can be created.