Week 1 – Chapter 2 – Chemical and Biochemical Foundations; Chapter 3 – Molecular

Week 1 – Chapter 2 – Chemical and Biochemical Foundations; Chapter 3 – Molecular Biology, Genetics, and Genetic Disease; Chapter 4 – Cell Physiology and Pathophysiology
1. Why is cellular communication important to the survival of cells?
2. Explain the role of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes in body fluids. 3. Why does the loss of chromosome material result in more zygote death than the addition of chromosome material? 4. Why is it important to isolate and clone disease genes? 5. Ms. Jones has an annual Pap smear and gynecologic exam. Three years ago, immediately before her third pregnancy, the pathology report of her Pap smear indicated she had hormonal hyperplasia. Her current Pap smear indicates she has atypical hyperplasia, or dysplasia. What is the difference between hormonal hyperplasia and atypical hyperplasia?
6. Ms. Rawlins is a 28-year-old alcoholic. She is admitted to the hospital in while in labor and delivers a baby girl. The child is placed in foster care. What signs and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome would you look for during the first year of the child’s life?
7. Mr. Smith is 76. He comes in complaining that he just cannot do what he used to do and laughs that his body is getting older. He asks you about the normal changes associated with aging.
8. Is nutritional deficiency the only form of nutritional imbalance? 9. How does a medical laboratory practitioner provide laboratory evidence to a physician that cellular injury is taking place? 10. Mr. Young has been smoking one pack of cigarettes per day for 20 years. Describe the possible cellular changes that have occurred in his bronchial linings that can make him more prone to upper respiratory infections. 11. Mrs. Jones is 95 years old and is frustrated because of the constant stiffness she suffers. What are some examples of a decrease in her tissue and systemic function as a result of her aging process? 12. Explain the process of frailty. 13. Why are very young and very old people at higher risk for dehydration than individuals of other ages? 14. Kyle is a 4-year-old with lead toxicity. What signs and symptoms would you expect to find at assessment? 15. Dylan is a 20-year-old college student who develops jaundice. What mechanisms are potentially producing his jaundice? Book We are using in Class is Tkacs, Herrmann, Johnson (2021): Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology, Essentials for Clinical Practice., Springer Publishing Company, New York, NY. if you use any other reference Please provide Soft Copies. But if Possible please use the Test book above.

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