According to Jack’s case history, he was removed from his mother’s care approximately 3’/2 years ago because of reasons relating to her long history of mental illness and heroin use. Jack has had no contact with her for about the past year — when she moved to live interstate. Jack’s father and his partner live on the other side of town (about 1 hour drive away) and although Jack would like to develop a relationship with his father he has only met him three times throughout his life. Jack also has a sister who lives locally who he visits occasionally. Jack’s sister is on unemployment benefits (although she does do some casual cash-in-hand work). She also smokes marijuana regularly. He says he is close to her and would like to spend more time with her.