Overview of the Dutch Art Market in the 17th Century

art history Q1: A Brief Overview of the Dutch Art Market in the 17th Century(http://www.essentialvermeer.com/dutch-painters/dutch_art/ecnmcs_dtchart.html#.XLexPNywuB1) -Give a brief explanation of the positive effects of a free art market. -What might be the downside to such a system? -Why would some artists have preferred to work for as established patron such as the Church or Monarchy? (100words) Q2: Rembrandt has often been referred to as “The Painter of Light” for his innovative and influential approach to depicting light. (120words) – Analyze Rembrandt’s approach to depicting light in painting. – How is Rembrandt influenced by Caravaggio’s tenebrism? – How does Rembrandt’s approach to light differ or improve upon the tenebrism technique which was more closely followed by true “tenebrist” painters such as Georges de la Tour? Q3: Respond to peer’s thoughts. (20words each) Peer’s thought1: One of the most important events in history in the art world was the emergence of the free art market during the Golden Age of Dutch art. This free art market period took place after an 80-year war with Spain, where the Netherlands emerged with social, and political strength. Some positives of this free art market were that artists during this time would be allowed to freely express their artistic style to the public, rather than having to hold back and fulfill requests of their buyers. One negative of this style of market is that there would be an overabundance of creators making art in the same area. In a way, working for a church or someone of higher power, and creating art for them would be better because it would be guaranteed work and pay, rather than creating something freely and hoping that it sells. Peer’s thought2: In Rembrandt’s painting, he focuses more on realism and less on idealism, his presence is calm and serene. He paints himself as an individual of humanity, an aging man, and doesn’t focus on the vanity. Throughout this painting, Rembrandt uses thick impasto, and dark colors to build up the complexity and engagement of his work of art. He paints this work of art in a way where the figure progressively emerges from the shadows and the lighting draws the viewer’s eyes towards the subject’s head. In Rembrandt’s painting, there is no sharp contrasts, just faint, diffused handling of light. Rembrandt focuses more on light and shadow instead of line and form, he considered light to be everchanging, not fixed or static. He wanted to paint light the way the human eye sees it and the way it looks, not the way it’s perceived. Rembrandt’s work is influenced by Caravaggio’s tenebrism, Rembrandt illuminates and highlights areas of the painting that has significant detailing like the face and his hat, he then contrasts the other areas with darker colors like the clothing on the body. This makes for a great example of Caravaggio’s tenebrism. Rembrandt’s approach to light is very similar to those of true tenebrism painters like Georges de la Tour because they share common characteristics in their painting like hyper-real detail, technical precision, and a calm mood. Painters like Georges de la Tour and artists associated with the North are in their own way individually unique but they do share details with painters like Rembrandt’s as well.

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