Question: What are some examples of effective prevention programs adopted as model programs by SAMHSA? Which ones do you think are the most effective? Why? discussion 1 Substance abuse and addiction have been plaguing human beings for centuries, and the last 100 years has brought countless programs intended for the prevention and treatment of various substance abuse. Some treatment programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous, with its roots going back to the 1930s, can provide a solid foundation after substance abuse has already taken hold in an individual’s life. Albeit the program assists in the prevention of future abuse, the help comes after-the-fact, as abuse has already negatively impacted an individual’s life. Thankfully, there are numerous programs that emphasize on prevention before substance abuse has planted its deadly roots. An organization founded in July of 1992 that has initiated and approved its own programs, and those originated outside, is the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Their mission is, “to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America’s communities. SAMHSA’s work is guided by scientific research and evidence-based practices developed by this research (SAMHSA -At a Glance, n.d.).” One of their large roles is being involved in public education and awareness, and they support many programs that aid in the early prevention of substance abuse. Some worthwhile programs they promote are Talk–They Hear You, STOP Underage Drinking, STOP Act Grants, Early Riser, Across Ages, and a plethora of other programs. Though all programs have their own worthwhile effectiveness, emphasis will be placed on two that were not discussed in a previous posting: Talk—They Hear You and STOP Act Grants. Talk—They Hear You “aims to reduce underage drinking and substance use among youths under the age of 21 by providing parents and caregivers with information and resources they need to address alcohol and other drug use with their children early (Samantha, 2014).” Some solid resources for parents provided include 5 goals in positive conversation, assistance in how to answer a child’s tough questions, and numerous brochures that assist in conversations about alcohol, marijuana, vaping, opioids, etc. SAMHSA provides grants influenced by the Sober Truth on Preventing Underage Drinking Act (STOP Act). As stated on their website, the program’s goal is to “prevent and reduce alcohol use among youth and young adults ages 12-20 in communities throughout the United States (Sober Truth on Preventing Underage Drinking Act Grants, n.d.).” There are many activities implemented that aim to address youth alcohol use and how the communities perceive them. Ideas are looked at that regard any changes in underage drinking enforcement efforts and address penalties for underage use. Applicants are encouraged to input their own ideas on improving existing strategic plans. For any issue that may arise, there is a program that could help, whether as a prevention tool, or as a treatment plan that lowers chances of further substance abuse. Knowledge is key in improving the health and mental awareness of our youth, thereby building a better future.
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